skip to main content
Lingue:

A planar-defect-driven growth mechanism of oxygen deficient tungsten oxide nanowires

Smith, Adam M. ; Kast, Matthew G. ; Nail, Benjamin A. ; Aloni, Shaul ; Boettcher, Shannon W.

Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2014, Vol.2(17), pp.6121-6129 [Rivista Peer Reviewed]

Fulltext disponibile

Citazioni Citato da
  • Titolo:
    A planar-defect-driven growth mechanism of oxygen deficient tungsten oxide nanowires
  • Autore: Smith, Adam M. ; Kast, Matthew G. ; Nail, Benjamin A. ; Aloni, Shaul ; Boettcher, Shannon W.
  • Note di contenuto: Tungsten oxide nanowires (NWs) have many applications and can be grown simply via vapor transport from solid WO 3 , but the mechanism by which they form is not well understood. We performed a series of vapor transport tungsten oxide growth experiments with controlled oxygen partial pressures, source-to-substrate temperature differences, and with W or WO 3 substrates. The resulting films were analyzed using electron microscopy, diffraction, and photoelectron spectroscopy. NWs formed only under sufficiently reducing conditions where substoichiometric compositions ( e.g. WO 2.9 ) were obtained. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis of the NWs revealed extended defects parallel to the (010) NW growth direction, similar to those found in bulk samples that are associated with ordered O vacancies. Cross-sectional TEM analysis showed that the defects appear to bound, and thus potentially stabilize the nanowire surface to preference the 1D growth. NWs annealed in air show decreasing defect concentrations with increasing temperature and a progressive collapse of the 1D morphology. These results support a mechanism where oxygen-deficient substoichiometric planar defects oriented parallel to the NW long axis direct the NW growth. This mechanism is likely relevant to other oxide nanomaterials that form extended defects due to oxygen non-stoichiometry. The role of defects in controlling the growth morphology is also important for NW applications because the defects may be beneficial ( e.g. for thermoelectrics) or detrimental ( e.g. for photoelectrochemical cells) to device performance.
  • Fa parte di: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2014, Vol.2(17), pp.6121-6129
  • Soggetti: Sauerstoff ; Wolframoxid ; Nanodraht ; Beugung (Strahl) ; Störstellenkonzentration ; Oxid ; Nanomaterialien ; Wachstumsmechanismus ; Photoelektronenspektroskopie ; Transmissionselektronenmikroskopie ; Ebener Fehler ; Sauerstoffpartialdruck ; Substrattemperatur ; Erhöhte Temperatur ; Ausrüstungsleistungsfähigkeit ; Engineering
  • Tipo: Articolo
  • Identificativo: DOI: 10.1039/c3ta14163b
  • Fonte: Royal Society of Chemistry

Ricerca in corso nelle risorse remote ...